Why Visit Arunachal Pradesh?
Arunachal Pradesh is the most north-eastern state of India. Arunachal Pradesh has borders with Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Burma in the east and China in the north. Arunachal Pradesh is predominantly a hilly region located in the Himalayan foothills. It covers an area of 83,743 square kilometers, making it the largest state in northeast India. Land covers 98% of the geographical area, with 80% of that being forest cover and only 2% being water. The Brahmaputra River is fed by a number of river systems in the region, including those from the upper Himalayas and the Patkoi and Arakan Ranges.
Many people in Arunachal Pradesh still wear bamboo hats with hornbill beaks, necklaces with wild cat claws, and the ‘Dao,’ a form of machete, as part of their historic tribal culture and traditions. There are at least 30 different languages spoken in the state, not to mention the various dialects, and there are 66 major and sub-tribes scattered out across the state.
Arunachal Pradesh’s tribes have a long history of artistic skill. Their ceramics, wood carving, and basket making all reflect the artistic essence of tribal art. These tribes’ main occupations include weaving, woodworking, and bamboo crafts.
Arunachal Pradesh is a developing state, life in towns like Itanagar and Pasighat is similar to that of most developing cities in India. Rural areas have more topography, and life is similar to that of a village, but with gorgeous mountains, rivers, and scenic views. The vast majority of Arunachal Pradesh is densely wooded, with raging rivers. River crossings, forest pathways, mountain roads, and rocky river beds will be experienced in plenty along the route, making it a heaven for adventure seekers.
Orchids take pride of place among Arunachal’s diverse and colourful flora and fauna. Over 500 orchid species can be found in Arunachal Pradesh alone, out of over a thousand in India. These are vibrant, magnificent, and some have strange names like Sita-Pushpa and Draupadi-Pushpa, which are said to have been worn for decoration by Sita and Draupadi. Some of the orchids are rare and endangered species. For the growth and protection of orchid species, the Arunachal Pradesh Forest Development Corporation has created an Orchid Research and Development Station in Tippi in West Kameng district. For this goal, this centre has created an orchid seed and tissue culture facility.
Arunachal’s wildlife is equally diverse and rich. Elephants and tigers abound, particularly in the grassy foothills, while leopards and jungle cats abound. Red pandas and musk deer can be found in the higher elevations, while white browed gibbons can be found in Tirap and Lohit districts. Both wild and semi-domesticated forms of the ‘Mithun’ (Bos Frontails) exist. This animal has religious significance and is linked to people’s socio-cultural lives. Mithun is a traditional wealth unit that is free to travel around the jungle until it is either used for food on special occasions and wedding feasts, or for barter. The enormous Indian Hornbill – an amazing bird with an inordinately large beak – makes its home in Arunachal Pradesh. In 1979, four wildlife sanctuaries totalling 3000 square kilometres were established at Pakhui, Lali, Itanagar, and Namdapha. In the Sixth Plan, the Mehao wildlife sanctuary was built, and the Namdapha sanctuary was upgraded to national park status in 1983. In 1983, Namdapha also launched ‘Project Tiger.’ In 1986, the Mouling Reserve Forest in East Siang district was designated as a national park, totaling 483 sq kilometres.
In Summer (March – June)
Arunachal Pradesh experiences an average of 31 degrees high to 10 degrees low temperatures during summer. In Arunachal Pradesh, spring gives way to summer. The delightful cold of winter is blended with the bright splendor of summer in March. In Arunachal Pradesh, March and April are essentially a little Spring season, followed by a real, blue summer. Summer is characterized by cold evenings, pleasant breezes, and sweltering afternoons. Arunachal Pradesh, unlike the winter and monsoon seasons, is accessible to the naked eye. In the summer, national parks, mountain hikes, and waterfalls are all ideal. The summer is the best time to visit the region’s natural treasures.
In Monsoon (July- September)
Arunachal Pradesh experiences an average of 34 degrees high to 19 degrees low temperatures during monsoon. The weather during the monsoon is notoriously unpredictable. The skies are filled with heavy dark clouds one minute, then sunny and clear the next. The monsoon is a brief but severe season that brings torrential rain after heavy rain. Summer’s heat and dust are washed away, revealing lush foliage that blankets the land. There’s no denying that the monsoon is a sight to behold. However, Arunachal Pradesh has its own set of dangers during the monsoon season. Roads are frequently washed away as a result of heavy rain. Landslides and major floods can be triggered by heavy rain. Humidity rises as well, making the atmosphere uncomfortably humid. Proceed cautiously.
In Winter (October – February)
Arunachal Pradesh experiences an average of 32 degrees high to 4 degrees low temperatures during winter. The land is blanketed in thick, white layers of snow, frigid winds swish and whirl all around, and the temperature lowers. There’s a surprising amount of green peeking through all that white. In the winter, the weather in Arunachal Pradesh is nice and cold. Temperatures can drop below 4 degrees, and snowfall can be heavy, making some winter activities difficult. This is, nevertheless, the finest season to visit Arunachal Pradesh, especially for snow enthusiasts. The state’s winters are often nice and cold. However, some parts of the country get severely cold. There are additional times during the year when the temperature descends below freezing. During this season, the roads may not be very smooth or suitable to travel, and they may be obstructed by heavy snow. Before going out, make sure to check the weather prediction and speak with locals.